Understanding Your Gum Health
Diagnosing periodontal disease involves a thorough assessment of the gums, teeth, and supporting structures. Dr. Das will conduct a comprehensive examination that includes several key components. These may include visually inspecting the gums for signs of inflammation, measuring periodontal pocket depths using a probe, and taking X-rays to evaluate bone loss.
Early diagnosis of periodontal disease is crucial because it allows for timely intervention and treatment. Periodontal disease, if left undiagnosed and untreated, can progress and lead to irreversible damage to the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. This can result in tooth loss and even impact overall health, as research has linked periodontal disease to various systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Stages of Periodontal Disease
- Gingivitis: the first stage of periodontal disease, characterized by inflamed, tender, bleeding gums, and plaque build-up.
- Periodontitis: the second stage of periodontal disease, characterized by plaque hardening into calculus (tartar), gum recession, deepening gum pockets, and early stages of bone loss.
- Advanced Periodontitis: the final stage of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of gums, bone, and ligament tissues, loosening and loss of teeth, and more severe bone loss.